Written by:Adv. Pooja Gupta

Difference between lawyer, advocate, attorney and barrister

Introduction of the Difference between a lawyer advocate attorney and barrister: – Each subject has a specific job field for that subject. However, there are numerous legal options available. After graduation, a law graduate has many options. Aside from being a lawyer, there are numerous legal career opportunities available, many of which are interconnected.

Most people mistakenly believe that all legal professionals — attorneys, advocates, and barristers — are the same. The terms in question, however, differ significantly.

The distinction between a lawyer, advocate, barrister, and an attorney is described simply here.


The terms “lawyer” and “advocate” are often conflated by the general public as well as first-year or second-year law students.

All law students will be referred to as lawyers for the sake of simplicity. However, this person must complete their degree. He or she will be known as a lawyer after graduation. country-to-country differences exist in the length of academic courses. India, for instance, offers courses lasting both three and five years. A student can become a lawyer after successfully completing either of these two courses, but a lawyer cannot represent a client in court.


Accordingly, a lawyer who has successfully passed the bar exam is an advocate. A lawyer can appear on behalf of their client in court. Therefore, a law degree and a Bar Council license are the qualifications required for becoming an advocate. An advocate has the authority to represent their clients in court.

According to the 1961 Advocates Act, the advocates are protected. Additionally, protects advocates’ rights.


The term “barrister” refers to anyone with a law degree from England. He is a knowledgeable lawyer. In certain legal fields, they provide specialized legal counsel or guidance. Since official fees and settlements are costly, the majority of barristers work independently and in chambers to share the burden. Additionally, banks, businesses, law firms, and corporations can hire them on staff as advisers (consultants).


Attorneys are the government’s chief legal advisors as well as the primary lawyers in S.C. The Attorney General of India is appointed by the President of India and serves at the President’s pleasure. The salary of an attorney is also decided by the Indian President.

He provides legal advice to the Indian government on matters that the President has entrusted to him. In all such cases related to govt of India, a lawyer is also expected to represent the govt in appearances before the Supreme Court and the High Court. This includes lawsuits, appeals, as well as other proceedings.

An attorney general is a lawyer who works for the government or the central government. He advises the central government on legal issues and represents it in court.

Conclusion of the Difference between a lawyer advocate attorney and barrister

It is pertinent to keep in mind that different nations have distinct systems.. for e.g., India, South Africa, Sri Lanka,  Bangladesh & Pakistan,  have nearly identical structures and hierarchies. As a result, the aspects in both countries are the same. However, the United Kingdom, Wales, and several other countries use different terms.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q. Are a lawyer and a barrister the same thing?

Ans. A lawyer is someone who practises law; they represent clients in court or give them legal advice regarding their privileges and responsibilities. A barrister whose primary duty is to practise advocacy in court is known as a barrister. They frequently have less interaction with their clients.

Q. What are the differences between an advocate’s and a lawyer’s roles?

Ans. A lawyer’s duties and responsibilities include providing legal guidance to their clients. However, an Advocate can not only provide legal advice but also appear in court on the behalf of their clients.

Q. Is a barrister superior to an advocate?

Ans. A barrister is anyone who has earned a law degree in England. He is a skilled lawyer. They provide specialized legal advice or guidance in specific aspects of the law.


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